World Autism Awareness Day 2021: Experts Speak to Spread Awareness About Autism Spectrum Disorder

New Delhi, April 1: Annually, World Autism Consciousness Day is held on April 2 with an purpose to make folks perceive and settle for people with autism, foster worldwide assist for them, and encourage folks. In an effort to unfold consciousness on the event, consultants on the topic just lately spoke concerning the a number of misconceptions and stigma associated to this dysfunction.

Dr Manish Mannan, HOD- Paediatrics & Neonatology, Paras Hospitals Gurugram stated, “Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. It is estimated that worldwide one in 160 children has an ASD. Children with ASD often have problems with social, emotional, and communication skills. They might repeat certain behaviors and might not want change in their daily activities. Many children with ASD also have different ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to things.”

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He then talked about signs and coverings for ASD, and added, “Signs of ASD begin during early childhood and that is the time when they should be picked up so that early intervention can be initiated. It can be diagnosed as early as two years of age. Evidence-based psychosocial interventions, such as behavioural treatment and parent skills training programmes, can reduce difficulties in communication and social behaviour, with a positive impact on well-being and quality of life for children with ASD and their caregivers. Hence it is very important to get every child assessed by the paediatrician in regular normal routine checkups so that the developmental milestones can be assessed and any deviation may be picked up early.” World Autism Consciousness Day 2021 Date, Historical past & Significance: What Is Autism Spectrum Dysfunction? Know Extra Concerning the Signs & Causes of ASD.

Worldwide, folks with ASD are sometimes topic to stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Globally, entry to companies and assist for folks with ASD is insufficient and there’s a sturdy want for society to be delicate to kids and other people with ASD and deal with them with compassion and care.

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Dr Smita Kapoor Grover, Advisor- Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Imaginative and prescient Eye Centre, New Delhi, stated, ” Children who are born with vision problems have often been seen to have traits of autism. Autism is 10 times more common among blind people as compared to the general population. Therefore, there is a definite association between eyesight and autism. Blind children have been reported to display the same behavioural disorders as autistic children. From weak social skills to impaired verbal communication, engaging in repetitive verbal and motor behavior (echolalia), children who are visually disabled share these characteristics with children who are autistic.

“Whilst the event of early imaginative and prescient has a detailed relationship with the evolution of a kid as a social particular person with enough emotional and cognitive expertise, it isn’t clearly established whether or not autistic traits in a visually-impaired youngster are a results of disruption of imaginative and prescient or happen as a consequence of particular underlying neuro-developmental situations. In different phrases, whether or not these frequent traits are a consequence of solely ocular situations or are a results of the mind being broken to some extent cannot be decided with any diploma of finality. But, that there’s a vital overlap by way of traits exhibited by blind and autistic kids cannot be denied. Some analysis means that autism is intently tied to particular causes of blindness similar to optic nerve hypoplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, and anophthalmia,” she added.

Basically, while it is important for blind children to be psycho-evaluated for any traits of autism by a trained psychologist, it is equally important for autistic children to have their eyes checked regularly.

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Dr. Shuchin Bajaj, Founder Director, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals talked about the myths surrounding this disorder and said, “Autism Spectrum Dysfunction-most generally known as simply ‘autism’ and typically ASD-affects roughly 1 in 100 folks. This developmental dysfunction is usually identified in kids however some adults might be identified with autism later in life. There are a ton of misconceptions and myths about autism and other people with autism on the market. These myths about autism might be offensive, dangerous, stigmatising or simply plain deceptive. One frequent false impression among the many myths about autism is that it’s a illness. However the fact is Autism is just not a illness. Autism can’t be cured with drugs.”

He further continued talking regarding the misconceptions and added, “Autistic folks can nonetheless dwell fully impartial, significant, wholesome and productive lives, particularly with assistance from remedy {and professional} intervention. There may be additionally a fable that vaccines additionally trigger autism. Some folks assume that autistic particular person can not really feel feelings, and due to this fact don’t have any curiosity or potential in fostering relationships with others or making buddies. However folks with autism are fully able to feeling all feelings.”

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Due to the fact that autism can impact one’s ability to communicate and socially interact, hence it is often misinterpreted as being an expression of a lack of interest or inability in making connections and relationships.

Dr Sudip Chowdhury, Consultant Paediatrician, Columbia Asia Hospital, Palam Vihar, Gurgaon said, “Autism continues to be a much-misunderstood situation significantly in India the place consciousness about it is extremely low. Firstly, any behavioral distinction in India is mechanically assumed to be a psychological well being situation.

That is additionally one of many prevalent misconceptions about autism – that could be a psychological well being incapacity, which it isn’t. Autism is a neurological dysfunction that arises from abnormalities within the mind construction or neurotransmitters. This neurological dysfunction ends in developmental disabilities and delays. However this isn’t a psychological well being dysfunction by any normal. From Causes to Sorts, 7 Most Often Requested Questions(FAQs) About Autism Spectrum Dysfunction.

He added, “Another major misconception worldwide that has particularly been spread by the anti-vaccination lobby is that excessive use of vaccines I causing an increase in the incidence of autism today. This is a myth that has no medical or scientific explanation. Many people also believe that medical experts today are unnecessarily including a larger number of symptoms and behaviours under the autism spectrum, implying that many children are wrongly being diagnosed as ‘autistic’. This is another misconception. Truth is that over time our understanding of autism disorder has increased and we now know that a wide spectrum of behaviours come under this condition. So, there are mild too severe forms of autism, the former sometimes referred to as ‘high functioning autism’.

“One other frequent false impression is that autistic people are mentally and intellectually challenged. Autistic folks have developmental delays in addition to communication points however a lot of them go on to amass training and work throughout totally different fields. Equally, folks with autism don’t lack feelings or empathetic emotions as usually believed. It’s simply that they categorical it otherwise than others. COVID-19 has impacted look after autistic children the world over. Autistic children usually require particular educating and coaching services. They like to stay to common routines. With social distancing necessities and reducing off of institutional care, the each day routines of autistic children have been disrupted,” concluded Dr Sudip.

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World Autism Consciousness Day is acknowledged by the United Nations member states as a day to recollect the rights of autistic people around the globe. The United Nations Basic Meeting unanimously declared the day to advocate the necessity for folks with autism to have the ability to lead full and significant lives as an integral a part of society. The day was proposed by UN representatives from Qatar. It is the day to unfold kindness and autism consciousness and one of many solely seven official health-specific days acknowledged by the UN.

In line with WHO, one in 160 kids has an autism spectrum dysfunction (ASD). ASDs start in childhood and have a tendency to persist into adolescence and maturity. Whereas some folks with ASD can dwell independently, others have extreme disabilities and require life-long care and assist. On the event, consultants from Ujala Cygnus Hospital, Imaginative and prescient Eye Centre, Paras Hospital, and Columbia Asia Hospital got here ahead to unfold the attention round today.

Autism spectrum dysfunction (ASD) refers to a number of issues involving the general cognitive, emotional, social and bodily well being of an individual — in nearly all of the circumstances, it’s a youngster who suffers from this frequent however severe developmental dysfunction. It’s estimated that about 1 in 100 kids in India beneath the age of 10 has autism, and about 1 in 8 endure from a minimum of one neurodevelopmental situation — the estimate for neurodevelopmental situations is about 10 instances greater than the quantity reported within the Census 2011.

In line with the Census 2001, 35.3% of Indians fall within the age group of 0 to 14 years, which supplies us an concept as to how huge the illness burden in India is. Dad and mom of youngsters with autism usually wrestle with a lack of awareness and infrastructure that can provide their kids a dignified life. This gives big scope for company organizations with a CSR mandate who can channelize their CSR funds for interventions that enhance the standard of life of individuals with ASD.

The affected inhabitants is big and those that are at the moment providing assist can solely attain a sure variety of them, leaving many extra people in want of assist, a necessity that firms may help them meet via their CSR. (ANI)

(That is an unedited and auto-generated story from Syndicated Information feed, SociallyKeeda Employees might not have modified or edited the content material physique)

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