US has no need to change its ‘strategic ambiguity’ about Taiwan, says ex-national security adviser H.R. McMaster

One in every of America’s most outstanding nationwide safety advisers informed lawmakers on Tuesday that Washington doesn’t want to vary its “strategic ambiguity” coverage in the direction of Taiwan to a extra specific defence assure, whereas additionally calling for a bigger army presence within the area to counter Beijing’s operations there extra aggressively.

H.R. McMaster, the retired three-star Military basic who served as an nationwide safety adviser to former president Donald Trump, testified in a Senate Armed Companies Committee listening to that he disagreed with an evaluation by Richard Haass, the president of the Council on Overseas Relations, and another coverage analysts {that a} change to “strategic clarity” with regard to the self-governing island was wanted.

“Strategic ambiguity is adequate, especially after we’ve made public the six assurances to Taiwan, and I think if we act in the way that the Trump administration has acted, and the new Biden administration has acted, to assure Taiwan and to send a pretty clear message to China,” McMaster mentioned, referring to commitments Washington made to Taipei to ignore Beijing on the subject of US arms gross sales to the island.

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Beijing considers Taiwan a wayward province that should be reunited to the mainland fold finally, by pressure if crucial.

“The message to China ought to be, ‘Hey, you can assume that the United States won’t respond – but that was the assumption made in June of 1950, as well, when North Korea invaded South Korea,’ McMaster said.

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“I do know it could strike residence to all of you that that is an Article One [constitutional] concern, to go to conflict or to not go to conflict,” he added. “If that disaster happens, I am positive that each one of you and your colleagues would mirror the desire of the American folks and what we do about it.”

Thomas Wright, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution – the only other witness called for Tuesday’s panel – agreed that the status quo should serve as enough of a deterrent against an invasion of Taiwan by mainland China’s People’s Liberation Army, which Senator Tom Cotton, Republican of Arkansas, said was “geared more and more in the direction of” such a move.

“I would not revisit the idea of strategic ambiguity, however I feel via actions, we are able to … deter this motion and display the US dedication to a stronger and nearer relationship with Taiwan,” Wright said.

However, both witnesses’ stances on Taiwan policy came with urgent calls for closer coordination with allies in the region and a significant ramp-up in spending on ships and equipment to offset China’s newly developed technological ability to interfere with US military capabilities.

McMaster called the months between the Winter Olympic Games in Beijing in 2023 and the Chinese Communist Party congress scheduled for later that year a period of “best hazard”, and said “a race ongoing proper now, to assist Taiwan harden its defences to make itself indigestible”, was crucial.

McMaster said he supported a Trump administration goal, outlined in a strategy document released in December, of expanding the US Navy to as many as 446 manned vessels by 2045, up from a goal of 355 the Navy announced in 2016.

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The Navy and the Pentagon have been working on a fleet structure plan since 2019, one that is expected to develop “a extra distributed fleet structure that includes a smaller proportion of bigger ships, a bigger proportion of smaller ships, and a brand new third tier of enormous unmanned automobiles”, according to a report last month by the US Congressional Research Service.

McMaster supported the call for a larger, more distributed fleet because, he said, China and Russia have in the past 20 years developed technologies including big data analytics, GPS and precision strike capabilities that threaten US naval operations more than ever.

“Since World Conflict I, the smaller and smaller US joint forces have had greater and larger impacts over wider areas primarily based on our technological benefits,” he said.

“All of that now was challenged, as a result of Russia, China and others, they studied us, particularly after the Gulf Conflict, and so they developed capabilities to take aside these differential benefits,” McMaster added.

The Biden administration must submit its proposed 30-year budget for shipbuilding later this year, which will require congressional approval, and has not yet indicated whether it will support the Trump administration’s goal.

This article originally appeared in the South China Morning Post (SCMP), the most authoritative voice reporting on China and Asia for more than a century. For more SCMP stories, please explore the SCMP app or go to the SCMP’s Fb and Twitter pages. Copyright © 2021 South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.

Copyright (c) 2021. South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.

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