Pongal 2021: History, significance and celebrations of the harvest festival

  • Pongal is well known with a number of zeal in numerous components of India, particularly, Tamil Nadu and this 12 months, it’s being celebrated on January 14. Here is all you want to know concerning the historical past, significance and celebrations of Pongal in India.

By hindustantimes.com | Written by Nishtha Grover, Delhi

UPDATED ON JAN 14, 2021 11:35 AM IST

Pongal is well known in numerous components of India, nevertheless, it is among the essential multi-day harvest festivals of Tamil Nadu and is noticed with a number of zeal and enthusiasm there. The folks in Southern components of India come collectively and have grand celebrations on Pongal which embody plenty of good meals and household time.

Pongal is well known for 3 days and people specific days are often called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maatu Pongal. This competition usually corresponds with one other harvest competition, Makar Sakranti, which is well known all through India.


This 12 months, Pongal is being celebrated on January 14, 2021.

Historical past, Significance and Celebrations:

Pongal is usually celebrated at the start of the Tai month in accordance with the Tamil photo voltaic calendar, which usually falls on January 14. Pongal means ‘to boil over or overflow’ in reference to the dish that’s historically ready on at the present time. The dish includes a brand new harvest of rice, milk and jaggery. The dish is first provided to the Gods and Goddesses, then the cows after which it’s served to the members of the family.

Through the celebrations, cows and their horns are adorned. The festivities additionally embody adorning homes with kolam artworks made with rice-powder together with banana leaves. Prayers are provided within the temple and households come collectively to trade presents, have meals and a gala time collectively.

The primary point out of Pongal may be present in one of many inscriptions within the Viraraghava temple devoted to Lord Vishnu. The inscription talks about king Kulottunga I from the Chola interval and refers to a chunk of land that was granted by him to the temple for celebrating Pongal yearly. That’s the reason even the primary point out of the Pongal dish is dated again to the identical period.

The primary day of Pongal or Bhogi Pongal marks the final day of Marghazi (Tamil month). It additionally marks the day when folks do away with their outdated possessions and rejoice new issues. Homes are cleaned and painted. Prayers are provided to Lord Indira – thanking and hoping for rains within the 12 months forward.

Through the Covid-19 outbreak, the Pongal celebrations have taken a web-based flip and persons are celebrating on video calls with their households.

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