International Monetary Fund (IMF) Warns Of ‘Economic Collapse’ Unless G20 Extends Debt Relief

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IMF Warns Of 'Economic Collapse', Urges Advanced G20 Countries To Extend Debt Relief

The G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) expires on the finish of the 12 months

The IMF on Thursday urged superior economies within the G20 to increase and enhance their debt aid initiative, warning that many nations face a dire disaster with out the assistance.

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“We may see economic collapse in some countries unless G20 creditors agree to accelerate debt restructurings and suspend debt service while the restructurings are being negotiated,” IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva stated in a weblog, including that it’s important non-public collectors additionally provide aid.

The G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) expires on the finish of the 12 months, and with out a renewal, nations would face monetary stress and spending cuts simply as new Covid-19 variants are spreading and rates of interest are anticipated to rise, she stated.

“Debt challenges are pressing and the need for action is urgent. The recent Omicron variant is a stark reminder that the pandemic will be with us for a while,” Georgieva stated within the weblog co-authored by Ceyla Pazarbasioglu, director of the fund’s Strategy, Policy, and Review Department.

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Georgieva didn’t specify which economies confronted a disaster, however referred merely to “low-income countries.”

Advanced economies within the Group of 20 introduced this system final 12 months amid the Covid-19 pandemic, which hit poor nations the toughest, hampering the flexibility of these governments to service their debt and assist their folks. 

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The G20 twice prolonged the DSSI, however the IMF and World Bank have been urging collectors to do more to assist with the burgeoning debt load. There are 73 nations eligible for aid underneath this system.

Debt misery

The World Bank estimates that debt masses in poor nations surged 12 % to a report $860 billion in 2020 amid the pandemic, and Georgieva stated “about 60 percent of low-income countries are at high risk or already in debt distress.”

Given the issues with the debt aid program and the widespread framework for coping with non-public collectors, solely three nations thus far have utilized for aid — Chad, Ethiopia and Zambia — they usually have confronted “significant delays.”

The framework has “yet to deliver on its promise. This requires prompt action,” she stated. She famous that Chad’s program is hung up because of the must restructure a big quantity owed to a non-public firm.

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And with inflation surging in main economies, central banks are pulling again on stimulus and anticipated to start elevating rates of interest subsequent 12 months, which might improve debt service prices for poor nations and sure would see capital flee these nations.

“No doubt 2022 will be much more challenging with the tightening of international financial conditions on the horizon,” Georgieva stated.

The IMF is looking for enhancements in this system, particularly mechanisms to oblige non-public collectors to take part, which might encourage more poor nations to utilize the DSSI.

In addition, “a comprehensive and sustained debt service payment standstill for the duration of the negotiation would provide relief to the debtor at a time when it is under stress,” she stated.

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