Difference between ETFs and Index Funds

Published:Nov 30, 202314:29
Difference between ETFs and Index Funds
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Over the period of time, there has been a lot of development of interest when it comes to investing in various kinds of securities. These securities have become an important method of investing the funds in the best way possible. This is an important method for bringing a huge amount of return with the minimum investment. 

Out of the various types of the investment baskets and schemes, investment in two types never goes out of trend. In other words, it can be said that the ETFS and Index Funds are becoming very commonly traded funds with a lot of utility and returns. However, there are very different despite being so similarly placed with each other. This article will make an attempt to focus on the exact difference between etfs and index funds.

What are ETFS and Index Funds?

While ETFS are considered to be tradable securities, the Index funds are the calculators of the performance of the benchmark indices. This is an important difference between the two. ETFS is often used for earning a huge return but at the same time the purposes of index funds in the evaluation of ther performance. 

Both of them are helpful to earn results. But the former is able to focus on the mode, time and the amount of investing and the latter is based on the evaluation so that amendments to the three elements mentioned could be made. This is an essential condition for bringing a lot of change in the present industry. 

Difference between etfs and index funds.

There are many mathematical and numerical pointers which bring forth the sparkling Difference between etfs and index funds. The list of the same has been given as follows:

Expense ratios

According to the research which has been undertaken by the Investment Companies Institute in California, it was brough forward that the average equity ETF expense was somewhere pegged at 0.18 percent in the year of 2020. It was in the complete contrast to the index funds for which the average expenditure was pegged aroun 0.02 percent in the same year. 

It is essential to mention that this figure of the investment expenses is true for every kind of index fund. It could be the actively managed fund but at the other times it could be the passively managed funds, these both the funds are able to hold for the similar routes.


The amount of the brokerage and the commissions which are payable with respect to both of the investment funds have been given in the following way. They amount for both the form of the investment is completely different. When it comes to the ETF fund the amount of the brokerage charged and the commission payable is bvery high. 

This is in utter contrast to the index funds, which charge a lesser value of commissions and other tradables. This is the calculation which has been arrived at the valuation of the entire property. This is very essential and important mechanism which have to be taken into accord.

Bid-Ask Spread

The ETFS are related to the stock exchanges and the markets. They are actively traded on this platform. They try to play an important role in this process. That is why they are subjected to a high amount of Bid ask spread. 

However, this amount is very less for the index funds. The index funds are not traded but rather they generate the valuation for the ones which are traded. In such a situation, it becomes important to bring forth that index funds are considered to be an effective solution to be resorted to.


When it comes to performance, it has to be analysed using the best calculators. The performance would be deciding the rate of return. This is very helpful in the long run to achieve a great help. 

The ETFS are actively traded in the market and hence are subject to price fluctuations. That is why they can offer a dicey performance at times. However on the other hand is the index funds. These index funds are very stable because they are considered to evaluate the performance of the benchmarks.

Sales Charge

As already mentioned that the ETFS are actively traded in the market, that is why they charge a sales charge during the process of the purchase and the sale of the securities. However, the index funds are stable securities which are not actively dealt with. That is why it is important to mention and conclude that the sales charge is very less for the index funds.


This can be concluded that out of the both the forms of the securities baskets, the latter is considered to be a stable method to invest. This is helpful in the long run for bringing an effective result. This is actually helpful for bringing a huge change of investment over the period of time.

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